When chemicals are used, it’s not only safer, it might be a bit cheaper
Chemical suppliers have a lot of cash.
So how much of that cash are they spending on their products?
That’s the question scientists are now trying to answer.
A team of researchers led by Michael T. Wojciechowski at the University of California, Berkeley and his colleagues have conducted a study of more than 10,000 chemical suppliers.
The team found that the most common chemicals were highly concentrated, often used to make plastics, plastics composite materials, and plastics foam and that their prices tended to vary widely.
The most common chemical in the chemical supply chain, for example, is acetone, a solvent used to dissolve chemicals, according to the team’s research.
It costs $0.02 to make a gallon of acetone.
The price of that gallon of the solvent has more than doubled since 1980, to $0,075 per gallon, according the team.
It’s also been on a trajectory to double again over the last 20 years, reaching a price of $0 by 2020.
But the researchers didn’t look at the chemicals themselves.
What they did is look at how much money the chemicals were being used to generate in terms of manufacturing, according a press release from the researchers.
That means that if you have a chemical that is being used for manufacturing, it would be cheaper to manufacture it in a way that makes sense for the consumer.
The researchers used the price of a gallon per gallon of a common chemical to estimate the price that a typical consumer would pay.
And the results were striking.
The cheapest chemical on the market is acetylene, which has a price tag of just $0 per gallon.
The priciest chemical on that list, though, is benzene, a common carcinogen that causes cancer and respiratory problems.
In its current price range, benzene costs about $2.50 per gallon in the United States.
And it’s being used at a rate that’s nearly twice as high as the price per gallon that acetylene is being sold for.
The authors also found that when they compared the price for chemicals in the supply chain to their prices on the open market, the two compounds are almost indistinguishable.
“We think that this means that consumers can’t tell the difference between the two,” Wojcikowski told Quartz.
“So this is a new tool for scientists to be able to use in a consumer product market.”
The researchers also analyzed prices for a handful of different types of chemicals, which is what they do with everything they do, including food.
They found that many chemicals in supply chains were very expensive, but a handful were more affordable than the typical consumer.
For example, acetylene was $2 per gallon less than the $2 gallon that it would cost to make the same amount of acetylene at home.
The cost difference was larger for certain chemicals.
For instance, when it comes to benzene and acetylene in a plastic composite, the cost difference for those two chemicals was less than a penny per gallon for acetylene.
But when it came to plastics foam, they were $2 and $4 per gallon cheaper than the price on the street, according for the study.
So it’s still possible that people who use chemicals that are cheap to produce, such as acetylene or benzene will have to pay a premium for them.
And as for the overall cost of the chemical, the researchers say that even if consumers don’t know that the chemical is being made in a specific way, it still is cheaper to buy it on the secondary market.
“That is probably what we would have expected,” said Wojcinowski.
“Because consumers are still buying these chemicals from companies that are still paying high prices, it probably means that the prices for these chemicals are relatively stable.”