Why the US is losing billions in research chemicals as they age
U.S. chemical companies are facing unprecedented pressure to find new ways to protect the environment and people from toxic chemicals.
A report released Monday by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine said the use of older chemical materials, including those used in pesticides, has become increasingly difficult due to a lack of research and development.
The report, titled The Age of Oxidation: The Cost of Environmental Degradation, examines how the use and abuse of chemicals has made life difficult for scientists and their research groups.
It found that as chemical companies and governments have abandoned older materials in favor of newer, more environmentally friendly materials, the amount of research on the chemicals they use has been drastically reduced.
The chemical industry spent $1.8 billion last year on research and equipment, according to the report, which said the trend has not only damaged the economy, but has also undermined scientific integrity.
“The trend has been a direct result of the decline in the cost of chemicals,” said James E. Fennell, an associate professor of chemical engineering and director of the Center for the Study of Science and Technology at Rice University.
The industry has been using a variety of chemical techniques to create new chemicals to protect plants and animals from harmful chemicals.
But there’s been a backlash against this use.
The U.K. chemical watchdog group, Oxidation Watch, estimates that the industry spent nearly $1 billion on research chemicals in 2015, with most of it directed toward new compounds.
The new research, which has focused on a wide range of chemicals, has created an environment where researchers are being pushed to find alternative materials, said William Kopp, a research chemist at the University of California, Berkeley.
“We’re being pushed back on our ability to find, develop, test and commercialize,” he said.
The US government is spending $3.3 billion to research and develop a variety that is a safer alternative, the report said.
“A significant number of the research projects funded by the Department of Energy in 2015 focused on novel and novel chemicals, while most of the new research that has been funded over the last five years has focused upon novel and new compounds,” the report found.
The Environmental Protection Agency has made it clear that it does not want the agencies funding of new compounds to stop, the group said.
The agency has also been working to increase its efforts to protect public health and safety.
The EPA has been trying to encourage more research in order to reduce the amount that chemicals are being released into the environment, but it has been hampered by the industry, the government and the courts, the study said.
While the chemical industry has seen a dramatic decline in research, the number of chemicals that are used in everyday life has grown.
The use of synthetic chemicals is growing, with some of the chemicals found in many household products, such as shampoo, detergent and hair conditioners.
The United States, which uses nearly half of the world’s synthetic chemicals, was the top contributor of new synthetic chemicals to the world total in 2015.
About 10 percent of the total was from the U.A.E., while the U,S.
was second, with 6.9 percent.
The world also produced about 6 billion tons of new chemicals last year.
That was up from the 5.2 billion tons in 2010.
The findings come as more and more states have been trying out stricter rules for chemical use, a trend that could be seen in states like California, which is considering a ban on the use or sale of chemicals known as flame retardants.
California’s move to ban the use, production and sale of flame retardant chemicals is the first step in what could be the largest change in environmental law in U.N. history.
California is considering an alternative, more stringent law that would require companies to report the chemicals that they use and where they are produced.